BANK OF BIAFRA
Bank of Biafra (Central Bank)
10 January 1968 / 08 January 1970
Headquarters Enugu, Biafra, later Aba, Umuahia, and Owerri, Biafra
(Biafra transferred its capital several times to avoid capture by advancing Nigerian forces)
An early institution created by the Biafran government was the Bank of Biafra, accomplished under ‘Decree No. 3 of 1967'.
The bank carried out all central banking functions including the administration of foreign exchange and the management of the public debt of the Republic. The bank was administered by a governor and four directors; the first governor, per the signature on bank notes, was Sylvester U. Ugoh.
A second decree, ‘Decree No.4 of 1967’, modified the Banking Act of the Federal Republic of Nigeria for the Republic of Biafra.
The bank was first located in Enugu, but due to the ongoing war, the bank was relocated several times. Biafra attempted to finance the war through foreign exchange. After Nigeria announced their currency would no longer be legal tender (to make way for a new currency), this effort increased. After the announcement, tons of Nigerian bank notes were transported in an effort to acquire foreign exchange.
The currency of Biafra had been the Nigerian pound, until the Bank of Biafra started printing out its own notes, the Biafran pound. The new currency went public on 28 January 1968, and the Nigerian pound was not accepted as an exchange unit.
The first issue of the bank notes included only 5 shillings notes and 1 pound notes. The Bank of Nigeria exchanged only 30 pounds for an individual and 300 pounds for enterprises in the second half of 1968.
In 1969 new notes were introduced: £10, £5, £1, 10/- and 5/-.
It is estimated that a total of £115-140 million Biafran pounds were in circulation by the end of the conflict, with a population of about 14 million, approximately £10 per person.
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Nigeria does not recognise and invades Biafra thus beginning a war
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The Republic of Biafra:
Once Upon A Time In Nigeria
Nigeria Exist on Paper Only;
Nigeria is Neither a Country nor a Nation
Nigeria for reasons well known was made a country comprising Peoples with
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Biafra a Nation
deprived of its Sovereignty
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Nigeria / Biafra conflict